Macular degeneration is a form of retinal degeneration, which is also referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and it comes in two basic forms: Dry macular degeneration with drusen, which is also referred to as “atrophic” or non-neovascular macular degeneration, Wet exudative macular degeneration, also known as neovascular macular degeneration
Dry macular degeneration is by far the most common. In fact, the dry form makes up 90 percent of all cases of macular degeneration, and it’s a common malady for people over 65 years of age. The condition describes the thinning of the retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) of your macula. The macula is the oval golden-colored covering at the center of your retina in side your eye.
Macular degeneration may start in a very mild form in just a single eye and then spread to the other. The tendency is for the disease to worsen until it affects your ability to conduct normal daily activities, though it doesn’t necessarily result in a total loss of vision.